RIVELLO

Rivello is located in that small portion of Basilicata not too far from the Tyrrhenian Sea and is positioned on the summit of three hills, Motta, Serra and Poggio in the valley of the River Noce.

History

Rivello’s birth came about during the Longobard era (VI century AD) as a fortification at the edges of the territories of the Dukedom of Benevento.

Its former name was Revelia which derives from the Greek colony of Velia Sul Tirreno, which in turn was inhabited by refugees from Roman Cesariana.
The inhabitants of Velia, who were threatened by frequent Saracen raids, took refuge towards the Basilicata inlands and founded the new Velia. The inscription "Olim Velia, Nunc Renovata Rivellum” (Once known as Velia, now rebuilt as Rivello) is on the village’s coat of arms and façade of the San Nicola Church, testifying this historical event.

During the X century there was confrontation between the Byzantines and Longobards over a long span of time, so much so that both Latin Roman and Greek Orthodox cults and rituals were affirmed in the village. Basilian Monks also arrived during this period from where they had been allocated in Puglia the previous century after iconoclastic persecution practiced by the East.
The Greek ritual survived until 15th November 1572 when it was suppressed in favour of the Latin one.

The arrival of the Normans (XI century) saw Rivello being administered by neighbouring Lauria, which also kept its administrative power under the Swabians (XIII century).
During 1268 the population lined up against the descent in Italy of the Angioiniansans by participating in the Ghibelline Revolt.

Rivello became independent by paying 33.000 ducats to the feudatory, Ettore Pignatelli (1550), but the Royal Court resold the village to Daniele Baraschiero (1641).
The will for autonomy took the population of Rivello once more in the subsequent century to redeem the village by paying 55.000 ducats (6th January 1719).

Rivello was one of the centres which was mainly damaged by the disastrous earthquake in 1980.

A visit to the City

Rivello is a striking village, both for its artistic patrimony and its panoramic position on the surrounding territory.

One must not miss a visit to its churches: the S. Maria del Poggio Church which preserves an interesting polyptych; the S. Nicola Mother Church and an interesting Crypt; the Santa Barbara Chapel containing Byzantine frescoes; the Sant’Antonio Monastery with XVI century paintings.

Place of interest

The S. Antonio Convent with its XVI century cloister; S. Nicola Mother Church; S. Maria del Poggio Church; S. Michele dei Greci Church; S. Barbara Chapel; S. Maria del Popolo Chapel (XI century); Annunciazione Chapel; A visit to Lauria, Lagonegro, Maratea and Trecchina; Excursions to the Pollino National Park.

Museums

The Archaeological Museum; S. Antonio Convent – Rivello.

Events

Feast of Sant’Antonio of Padua on 13th June; Feast of the Madonna del Popolo on the 1st Sunday of July; Feast of the Madonna of Sovereto on the 2nd Sunday in July; Feast of the Madonna Immacolata in the Rotale district on 13th August; Feast of the Madonna dell’Assunta on 15th August; Feast of the Madonna del Carmine in the San Costantino district on 17th August; Feast of Santa Margherita Alacoque in the Santa Margherita district on 21st August; Feast of the Madonna della Motta on 15th September; Feast of San Nicola of Bari on 6th December.

RIVELLO
Art City

Basilicata region of Italy

 

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